Judo literally mean Ju (gentle) – do (way). It is considered to be a gentle art as there is no requirement of brute strength to overcome an attacker. In Judo training one learns to use the attacker’s strength by applying your own in the direction in which he is weakest and least able to combat it. Judo training is based on a principle of “Minimum Effort and & Maximum Effect” and the secret to such achievement is attaining a mental and physical balance through its training.
Late Dr. Jigaro Kano father & founder of Judo H.Q., Kodokan, was known to have practiced & mastered Ju-Jitshu. He took the best out of Ju-Jitshu techniques, did away with the rough and dangerous one, devised others himself and combined them to form what he called Judo.
Judo training is divided into four categories
- Nage- waza or throwing techniques
Nage-waza is divided into four parts
- Hand throws
- Leg throws
- Body throws
- Sacrifice Throws
- Ne-waza or ground work techniques
Ne waza is divided into three divisions
- Osoekomi-waza or holding down techniques
- Shime-waza or strangling techniques
- Kansetsu waza or joint locking techniques
- Atemi- waza or striking techniques to the vital areas of the body
- Ukemi- waza – Falling techniques
As Judo needs proximity of the attacker to counter the attack. It is this aspect of defence of defending oneself when in close proximity with the attacker that Judo has been incorporated in the Ketsugo syllabus so as to make Ketsugo a complete system of self defence.